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Point exchange at ryuukyoku.

Ryuukyoku 「流局」, or exhaustive draw, is a way of ending a hand. It occurs when all the tiles (excluding those in the dead wall) have been drawn, and no player manages to produce a winning hand. After the player with the last tile draw makes a discard, if no one claims a win, then the hand simply ends in "exhaustive draw".

After an exhaustive draw, points are exchanged based on the number of players with a tenpai hand vs those who are in noten (not tenpai). Players in tenpai reveal their hands and receive points from those in noten. Players in noten may choose to reveal their hands, but it is not required, and does not impact scoring. When playing with physical tiles, a player in tenpai may (intentionally or not) declare noten, losing out on points. Afterwards, the honba count is increased by 1.

Wind seating may or may not rotate, depending on the dealer's hand and the given ruleset. Under many rules: if the dealer is in tenpai, then the wind seating remains the same. If the dealer is noten, the winds rotate. However, in some rule variations, the winds rotate even if the dealer is in tenpai.

While the term "ryuukyoku" is usually used to refer to an exhaustive draw in Japanese, on occasion this may be ambiguous, as the term technically refers to any draw (cf. tochuu ryuukoku, 「途中流局」). When ambiguity occurs, it may be referred to as tsuujou no ryuukyoku 「通常の流局」, which translates roughly as "usual kind of draw".

Nearly 40% of professional games go to an exhaustive draw due to players immediately abandoning the hand when a player declares riichi.


Unless a chombo occurs, the following happens during an exhaustive draw:

Point Exchanges

If some players are tenpai and others are not, points are exchanged. The players in noten pay a combined sum of 3000 points, split between players in tenpai. This results in the following score table:

  • 0 players in tenpai: No points exchanged.
  • 1 player in tenpai: All players in noten pays 1,000 points to the tenpai player.
  • 2 players in tenpai: Each player in noten pays 1,500 points, each player in tenpai receives 1,500 points.
  • 3 players in tenpai: The single player in noten pays 1,000 points to each player in tenpai.
  • 4 players in tenpai: No points exchanged.

If a player qualifies for nagashi mangan, all point exchanges from tenpai are skipped. Instead, players pay a "reverse mangan tsumo" to the players with nagashi mangan. For each player with naganshi mangan, the dealer pays 4000 points and non-dealers pay 2000 points.

Any riichi bets left on the table are saved for later rounds. The next player that wins claims all leftover riichi bets.

See the Tenpai section below for the general definition of "tenpai" used by ryuukyoku.

Seat rotation

Wind seat rotation is dependent on the dealer's hand state. If the dealer's hand is tenpai, then renchan is applied and wind seating does not rotate. If the dealer's hand is noten, then the wind seating rotates. (However, in some rule variations, the winds rotate even if the dealer is in tenpai.)

Regardless of wind rotation, after an exhaustive draw, the honba count increases by 1


Tenpai is the state of the hand waiting on just one tile to claim for a win, either by draw or discard. When an exhaustive draw happens, a win is no longer possible, but a small point bonus is given.

  • is tenpai, waiting on or .
  • is noten.


An ankan case called as tenpai in Majsoul.

A hand may be in tenpai but be unable to win in the actual game. For example, all the winning tiles could've been discarded before reaching tenpai. This is known as karaten.

Whether such hands count as tenpai depends on rule variation. Under many rulesets:

  • A hand with no yaku counts as tenpai for ryuukyoku.
  • A hand in furiten counts as tenpai.
  • A hand with all possible winning tiles discarded (or otherwise unavailable) counts as tenpai.
  • A hand with all possible winning tiles in the player's own hand (see below) does not count as tenpai.

For an example of the last case:

Despite the hand being one tile away from completion, all of the possible winning tiles are in the player's own closed kan. So, instead of gaining points, the player is considered noten. (However, this, like the other points, is subject to rule variation.)


A player is not allowed to call a riichi without tenpai. If a player declares noten riichi, and the hand ends in ryuukyoku, the player is penalized for chombo.

No wind rotation is applied, and no point exchanges are applied. The honba count is not increased. The next hand continues as if the chombo hand did not even occur. Of course, the appropriate penalty for chombo is applied and the game continues.


Sometimes, the ryuukyoku point exchanges is enough to determine the final position in games, especially in oorasu (the last hand). Dealers in tight point races need to take particular note about the need to attain tenpai or allow the game to end. It may be desirable to pass on a small winning hand in order to collect the payment from noten players instead.

External links

Ryuukyoku in Japanese Wikipedia