Chuuren poutou

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Chuuren poutou
Type Yakuman
Kanji 九連宝燈
English Nine gates
Pure nine gates
Value Yakuman (closed only)
Speed Very slow
Difficulty Very hard

Chuuren poutou 「九連宝燈」 is a yakuman and a specific instance of chinitsu. It contains the 13-tile pattern 1-1-1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-9-9 of the same suit, plus any one more tile from the suit. A special pattern of chuuren poutou tenpai produces one with a unique 9-sided wait. In this case, the winning hand is then called junsei chuuren poutou 「純正九蓮宝燈」, or pure chuuren poutou. The 13-tile pattern generates a 9-sided wait even as a normal hand with four sets and a pair. Chuuren poutou is therefore no hand shape exception, unlike chiitoitsu and kokushi musou.

Tile pattern

Chuuren poutou winning over daisangen.


Tile-1p.pngTile-1p.pngTile-1p.pngTile-2p.pngTile-3p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-5p.pngTile-5p.pngTile-7p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-9p.pngTile-9p.pngTile-9p.png Waiting for: Tile-6p.png Yasume: Tile-5p.pngTile-9p.png

If this hand wins with either of the yasume tiles, the hand will score only chinitsu rather than the yakuman.

Nine tile wait

Tile-1p.pngTile-1p.pngTile-1p.pngTile-2p.pngTile-3p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-5p.pngTile-6p.pngTile-7p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-9p.pngTile-9p.pngTile-9p.png Waiting for: Tile-1p.pngTile-2p.pngTile-3p.pngTile-4p.pngTile-5p.pngTile-6p.pngTile-7p.pngTile-8p.pngTile-9p.png



Chuuren is a yakuman hand. However, while tenpai, some tile waits may actually award the hand for a considerably less value of haneman, as a closed chinitsu. Some rules award a double yakuman instead when the hand goes out from the 9-sided wait.


The key to this yakuman is the possession of ankou of both 1's and 9's of one suit. Since this hand uses a single suit, it overlaps chinitsu during development. In fact, many tenpai formations may result in chinitsu, rather than the yakuman. This is due to the ability of chinitsu to form some complicated waits. If two of either group of tiles are not available, then any attempt at this yakuman is no longer possible. Of course, that is in addition to the collection of a string consisting of 2-8 tiles of the same suit. Likewise, if all four copies of any one of these numbered tiles are rendered unavailable, then the yakuman is no longer possible.

External links

Chuuren poutou in Japanese Wikipedia
Kojima Takeo